We were talking about breeds of beef cattle in one of my classes and I thought I would spread the knowledge of the Charolais breed of cattle. They are well-known group of animals among farmers. This breed is known for that pure size they will bring to a herd. I will briefly cover the origin, disadvantage, and advantage of this specific animal.
The Charolais were originally from the French area. These cattle were first known as “Charolais” in the 16th and 17th century. These animals were initially used for draft, milk, and meat. In the early years breeders were selective towards the size and muscling genetics. They also stressed the rapid growth so they would reach a large size; enabling them to be used for draft power. They were kept in Europe until 1930 where they traveled to Mexico. Then they were introduced into the American markets around 1960’s. These animals were selected to bring heavier muscling and a larger frame to a heard. For a heard to qualify to as pure breed they have to be 31/32.
This breed has very few disadvantages recorded against them. One of the few is that they are temperament. This means that they do not like as much human contact as other breeds might. Another down fall to this breed is that their large frame prevents judging at less than 1000 pounds. The biggest problem that I have found on the breed is dystocia. This means Charolais have been known to have trouble calving. Those were the only three problems I could find with the breed.
On the other side of the argument there are many advantages to the breed. One of the most renowned advantages is heavy muscling. They are also recognized for their large frame and learn body. This breed is acknowledged for rapid growth on their calves. Charolais are also notorious for their aggressive grazing in high temperatures.
As you can see these animals have a very rich history on farms. The Charolais breed has very many advantages to the few disadvantages. Overall these animals can bring a high reward for introducing them to your heard.
Let me know your knowledge of this breed or other interesting facts in the comments below!